Two of the main reasons a professor may assign you a Geography essay is to test your understanding of a concept or encourage you to research a particular topic. Whatever the reason is, the topic you choose should be conversant with Geography, or else your essay will be a sure fail. Most people think a geography essay is hard to write because it requires extensive scientific research, but this is hardly the case. If you’re in such a position, this article is for you, as I have noted down all the tips and tricks of writing a good geography essay.
Table of content
- Do’s of writing a Geography essay
- Don’ts of writing a Geography essay
- How to select appropriate sources for a Geography essay
- Essay structure
- Figures and tables
- How to write essay paragraphs
- Final words
Choosing an appropriate topic can either make or break your essay. Geography is a vast subject; hence it is impossible to talk about everything there is to know. Therefore, you should choose a topic you are well versed in so you can defend your thesis at an in-depth level without having to add fluff. Sometimes, your professor may provide you with a list of appropriate topics to choose from, but if not, even better as you now have creative freedom.
Your topic of choice should be interesting and of relevance to society. This way, your reader will be more intrigued to learn more about what you have to say. For example, a topic such as ‘How to improve Geographical information systems’ is bound to capture a reader’s attention from the beginning. To find a relevant topic, you can search ‘recently debated geographical topics’ on the internet and choose the one you resonate with.
Do’s of writing a geography essay.
- Try and make sure that each paragraph is related to your thesis and adds value to the article. To verify this, ask yourself whether removing the paragraph will eliminate a vital piece of information.
- Make sure that your thesis and the parameters of the essay are clear from the start.
- Try and make sure all your information is chronologically arranged for a more seamless flow.
- When deriving information, go for reputable sources, such as published books and peer-reviewed
- Pick a topic that you deeply understand.
- Confirm whether the reference section will account for part of your word count beforehand so you can plan yourself
Don’ts of writing a geographical essay
- Never introduce new points in the conclusion
- Do not use first-person language; for example, instead of ‘I,’ you can use ‘one.’
- Avoid repeating the statement in your thesis, in the body of the article, as it seems like repetition.
- Do not use explicit statements such as ‘This essay will…
- Try not to impose gender as most geographical facts are gender-neutral. Case in point, ‘Women do not care about geography’ instead you can say ‘Some people do not care about geography.’
- Do not use a lot of quotes as it shows you never really understood the concept and instead just lifted it from a different source and may also count as plagiarism.
- Try not to over sophisticate your essay; instead, use everyday language that the reader may relate to.
How to select appropriate sources for a Geography essay
Some professors will be kind enough to give you a list of appropriate research tools, but this is not always the case. Otherwise, you need to search for research material on your own. First and foremost, the library has lots of geographical books that can give you an idea of what topics to choose and the crucial points to cover in each one of them. The beauty of libraries is that you can find hundreds of Geographical books in one section making the research journey reasonably easy.
Aside from libraries, there are infinite sources of Geographical content on the internet. However, no site is credible. Therefore, you need to be wary. Wikipedia and websites that end with .gov or .edu are almost always trustworthy. Also, you can try newspapers, journal articles, popular magazines, or articles written by partisan organizations.
The more time you spend researching your essay, the less time you will spend writing it. Assuming you have already established the topic you want to cover, you need to research some of the main points you want to address. Remember to keep the number of main points at a minimum so as to ensure you adequately discuss each one of them as opposed to lightly mentioning. This way, the professor can actually have a feel of the depth of your understanding.
Next, you should ask yourself the fundamental questions; What? Where? When? Why? and how? Since each central point should have its paragraph or subtopic, research each with the aforementioned journalistic questions in mind. Trying to tailor your research to answer the aforementioned said questions prevents you from straying away from the main topic, making it easier to avoid unnecessary content.
Create an ideal outline for your content. Arrange every point such that they have a uniform chronological flow . At the end of each short note, remember to note down the source of reference to make your work more manageable at the end.
Researching helps your content flow as you write hence preventing writer’s block. It also prevents you from forgetting vital information. In short, this part is essential and dramatically impacts your quality of work.
A proper essay structure makes your work more coherent and enjoyable to read. Also, it is a chance to highlight all the ideas that you have. However, there are several essay writing styles, and the one you chose impacts the structure you should use. For example, if you choose a case and effect essay, your article will have a body, cause, effect, and conclusion. In contrast, if you choose an argumentative essay, the structure will be an introduction, then several paragraphs highlighting a point of argument, then a conclusion. The common denominator in each essay style is that the structure is basically an introduction, body, and conclusion.
Your essay introduction should give the reader a clear understanding of what the essay is about. A few pointers of what to include in an essay include; what the essay is about, background information on the topic, your argument, or the main ideas you will address in the topic.
Make your introduction short and right to the point; one paragraph filled with magnetic punch lines is usually enough. Remember your intro should be informative and interesting enough to encourage the reader to keep reading.
The word count given heavily influences the amount of content you can squeeze into the body of your article. In this section, you should state your argument at length; try not to repeat what you said in your thesis rather expound on it. You must back up your argument with factual evidence. Also, make sure your content flows systematically to make it a pleasant reading experience.
Well-arranged content helps you communicate your ideas coherently. In his section, you can sparingly include quoted statements depending on the referencing methods that your professor prefers.
In your conclusion, avoid any citations or quotations as it should be a place to wrap up what has already been addressed in the article. If you do not know how to summarize the article, then you can answer the question posed on your thesis based on how you argued it out. Remember some people scheme through the introduction and conclusion of an essay then read the rest of the article with a pre-conceived notion of the quality of work. Make sure that your conclusion is as interesting as it gets.
- Figure and tables
Figures and tables are a great way to summarize information while also giving the reader more perspective than words ever could. However, do not include figures just because, try and make sure that each of them has a significant role in emphasizing a point in the article.
The heading of a table should be placed at the top of the table while those of a figure should be placed at the bottom. For uniformity, each figure should be named like so ‘figure 1, the mountain of Kenya. ‘, the next will be figure 2, and so on.
Each and every argument needs to be adequately supported with information and data from credible sources. There are several ways to add references so make sre yo know which one yor professor prefers. Also, confirm whether yo can add in text citations as opposed to writing the sources at the end.
How to write essay a paragraph
Each paragraph in an essay should contain one-point ad its supporting evidence. Avoid mixing two different points in one paragraph as this causes confusion and spoils the flow of your article. If you think you have not adequately exhausted a point, follow it up with a shorter paragraph then start the next point in a new one.
Geography essays require lots of research and content planning; after which you will find the writing experience rather pleasant. Just make sure you choose a topic you are conversant with and avoid unnecessary information.