How To Write An Academic Essay Paragraph | Structure & Example


Writing an essay is one of the first tasks which introduce the world of academic writing to students. It allows them to get familiar with the style of writing, which is used quite often in professional and academic articles. An essay is a very flexible and adaptable format of writing. It can help the author in expressing their viewpoint at their convenience. However, because of the flexible nature of an essay, most students often get confused about how and what to include in their essay paragraphs.

Firstly, we’ll give a general overview of an essay’s structure and then dive a bit deeper. And talk about how to write the essay introduction, the main body, and the conclusion section paragraphs. Now, this is a fantastic foolproof formula for writing the best essay paragraphs. So if you follow this structure, you’re going to do incredibly. So how should you structure your essay to make it fantastic? Well, you need to have an introduction where you define the key concepts. And outline what you’re going to be covering.  Secondly, you need the main body to discuss your main point’s present supporting scientific evidence essentially. Critically analyze that evidence and then relating it to the question. Finally, it would help if you ended with a conclusion paragraph that essentially draws up the whole argument into a summary. Finally gives an excellent verdict.

Now let’s dive in a bit deeper and look at each of these sections in turn right. However, before we drive down, lets have the outlook.

Essay Introduction
Body Section
    Narrative paragraph
    Expository paragraph
    Descriptive paragraph
    Persuasive Paragraph
How To Write a Fantastic Paragraph?

Component of essay

How to write an excellent conclusion paragraph?


  Essay Introduction Paragraph 

The introduction is essentially a gateway into your argument. It’s what has the most attention from the reader.

It starts with an introduction where the author introduces the topic along with the background. The introduction is essentially a gateway into your argument. It’s what has the most attention from the reader—the reason as to why this topic has been selected.

For example, I’m writing an essay about computers. I have already made a plan for my writing. Now I’m ready to start writing my introduction. An introduction is the precious initial portion of your writing. Writers write introductions to catch the reader. I want people to be interested in my essay.

Authors also use introductions to tell the readers what they will learn by reading the essay. That way, they can decide what the proper essay is for them. My introduction will start with a hook. One way to hook a reader is to tell a surprising fact about your topic.

Another way to hook the reader is to start by asking a question. I’m going to write my hook by using both. My essay is all about computers. I’m going to hook the reader by asking if you understand around two billion computers in the world.

This surprising fact will make people interested in reading my essay. Next, I will introduce my topic. In this way, I can get the reader’s attention. My intro will be catchy. Then the reader will take an interest in reading the whole essay.

Body Section Paragraphs

The introduction is then followed by the body section paragraphs, which consists of the main arguments and the supporting evidence. The body section is where you can explore the topic in-depth and present your thoughts. And key ideas after present your arguments.

There are four types of body paragraphs.

Narrative paragraph

A narrative paragraph is a paragraph that tells a story and answers the five W’s. These are who, what? Where? When? And why?

Expository paragraph

An expository paragraph gives you information, presents facts, gives directions, or even defines terms notice.

Descriptive paragraph

Descriptive paragraphs are precisely telling what they sound like. They describe things, they present a single clear picture of an object or a time, and they give specific sensory details like sights, sounds, and smells nervous.

Persuasive Paragraph

Finally, persuasive paragraphs. Persuasive paragraphs express an opinion. They try to convince the reader through the use of logic. But the opinion is valid.

How To Write a Fantastic Body Essay Paragraph?

The body section essay paragraph involves three parts:

·         Topic sentence

It tells the reader what your passage is going to be about. It’s a specific part of your topic, and it’s usually at the beginning.

·         Your body paragraph

Next is your body. It is the meat of your paragraph. Here’s where you’re going to give all your information. You’re going to include the details and support for your topic.

·         Closing paragraph

Now you have to bring your paragraph to a close. There are a couple of ways you can do this. You can remind your reader of the topic. You can summarize a paragraph.


You can then move on to writing the conclusion of the essay. It brings together all of your ideas to support the main aim of your essay.

An essay can be at least as short as 500 words. Or as long as 3000 to 5000 words depending on your topic and what your professor is looking for in most academic assignments.

The task of writing an essay comes with a detailed guideline. That guideline contains the total word counts and the scope of the essay.

The format you are supposed to use for the reference list. It is essential to provide an elaborate reference list citing all of the sources you have used to support your arguments and formulate your ideas.

Components of Essay

Let us now have a look at the critical components of an essay. Irrespective of the length of your essay, be it 500 or 5000. There are five key things you must keep in mind while writing an essay.

There are the following.

These five components will help you in ensuring that the information presented by you is easy to understand. It improves the quality of your essay significantly.

Let us now dig a little deeper and understand the components mentioned above.

1.   Thesis statement

The first is the thesis statement. A thesis statement presents the main aim of your essay. And lets the reader know about what they can expect from the essay. Your thesis statement should not be ambiguous and leave the reader confused about what to expect. It should be accurate and present all the information about the aim and scope of the essay in one or two sentences.

2.   Arguments

Next are your arguments. Your arguments are the key to persuading the reader and making them believe that what you are saying is, in fact, true. Try to come up with three to five arguments that help you to present the information effectively. And support your central thesis. Remember, your essay is only as good as the arguments.

3.   Evidence

It presents the third key component of every essay is evidence. The evidence is the background information or proven facts that support your every argument without them.

Your arguments are nothing but hollow claims and will not be sufficient to influence the readers. Try to find relevant sources or another article that goes in favor of your argument.

Don’t forget to cite properly and provide a reference to each of the sources you use. It will make your writing seem well researched. It will also enable the reader to explore more about your arguments.

4.   Analysis

By going to the source, next comes the analysis. Sometimes presenting your arguments with proofs isn’t enough to make the readers trust. So, you need to write out a few sentences which guide the reader’s thought. And make them to the main aim of your essay.

5.   Conclusion

Lastly, the conclusion. A conclusion is necessary to tie up all loose ends. It solidifies the impact of the information presented by you. It can help the reader to make sense of the arguments. And connect the dots to see how it all supports the main thesis statement.

How to Write an Excellent Conclusion Paragraph?

There are three steps to writing an excellent conclusion paragraph.

  • The first is always to make sure that you restate your pieces.
  • Next, you want to summarize your main points
  • Finally, you want to draw to a close

Now, remember this is your last impression for your reader. So it would be best if you made it count. Using these five points, you can ensure that every essay you write has a profound impact on the reader’s mind. No matter the type of essay you’re writing.


There are fundamental questions of proofreading.

Where should we look for? What should we change? What should we edit while proofreading?

These are divided into the following.

  • Layout of manuscript
  • Grammar declares
  • Formatting
  • Fact-Checking
  • Referencing

1.   The layout of the manuscript

Under the first component, layouts are our heading and subheading. These are incorporated for good organization. Give a logical flow to your document and add continuity to your script.

  • These must be numbered carefully. These are divided into three levels. For example, Headings are divided into three levels.
  • Level one headings are the chapter titles. Level two headings are the headings inside the chapters, and level three headings are the subheadings under level two headings.
  • Also, another mistake the author has made is while numbering the headings in the first instance while mentioning the subheading. The author has used a lowercase a while for subsequent subheadings. The author has used uppercase b and call for such inconsistencies that should be corrected while proofreading.
  • Another point that comes into a layout is consistency. We should stick to a single format for everything.

2.   Grammatical error

The second part of generic content is the grammatical errors. Under this first, we have other punctuation marks.

  • The following important category for general content for proofreading is spelling errors.
  • The last important point is verifying all the spelling of the author’s names, scientists, Or any other character we have used in our manuscript. Because the wrongful wrong spelling of a name will not be an act of disrespect, but it will not only lead to perfection.
  • The following vital point under grammatical errors is to check for our sentence formation. Sentence structures in your manuscript should be a mixture of both lengthy and short sentences to kill the monotony. But at the same time, a long sentence should not do not have more than 15 words. Then it will be too lengthy and confusing also while proofreading our sentences.
  • We should check for overuse of pronouns because that can lead to faulty pronoun references.
  • Also, while proofreading our sentences, we should check whether the language is too general because that is not recommended. We should turn the language into specific sentences.
  • We should check for the repetition of the words within the sentences, which is a widespread typo error.
  • The following vital point under sentence framing is to check for weak nouns which need to be converted into concrete nouns.
  • The next point is to add cohesion, which means maintaining the quantity of the sentences and the paragraph and their meaning. We should use more of the linking words.

3.   Formatting

The third most crucial component under generic contents is our formatting inconsistencies.

  • We should check whether all the paragraphs are indented to the left.
  • The line spacing is equal among all the sentences and paragraphs. And also, the body is indebted to the left immediately after the heading.
  • Another important aspect of formatting is checking whether all the figures, tables, and charts are carefully numbered with sequence. Their caption and headings are also mentioned with the correct description. And the sources of each figure are carefully mentioned again. It is advisable to count the heading numbers manually after the completion of the draft.
  • At last, you should also verify the headings mentioned in your thesis match the table of contents which is the beginning of your thesis page.

4.   Fact-Checking

The fourth important aspect of general content under proofreading is fact-checking.

·         Revision

After your draft is complete, please revise any mathematical calculations and check for any miscalculations and mistakes. Again check for the dates, names statistics used and compare them to the source while revising. Also, please ensure that the quotations used by the authors match the source. And they do not misrepresent anyone.

·         Citation

The last aspect and the most important one is the issue of plagiarism. Typically even copying a phrase containing four to five words from another writer may lead to charges of plagiarism. So always ensure the uniqueness of your content.

5.   Reference

The last crucial general content for proofreading is the referencing part. Make sure that all the names, titles, and dates are carefully verified with the source. Also, there is a tendency that while drafting, we include a lot of studies. But while editing, we might remove the irrelevant studies. But at the same time, we forget to remove the corresponding citation from our final bibliographic reference page. It needs to be proofread and corrected also. Please verify that all the sources mentioned in in-text referencing match the final page of your referencing or bibliography. It is always recommended to make your handy checklist for all the elements to proofread or edit and correct.


An academic essay is a short piece of formal writing which deals with a single topic. There are three parts to an essay. These three parts are the introduction, body, and conclusion. The introduction part tells us how to write the introduction of an essay. The body part tells us how to write the body of an essay. And conclusion part tells the summary of the essay. There are five components for the information in the essay. These include the thesis statement, arguments, supporting evidence, analysis, and conclusion. So there is the complete detail of how to write an academic composition is present. You can write an excellent essay by following these instructions.