A rubric is a scoring tool that is used by professors and lecturers to evaluate the performance of students, a project, or a product. An essay rubric has three main parts. These include the following: the indicators, scale of rating, and performance criteria. For the professor and his students, the rubric shows what is to be achieved and the rules to assess the learners. Rubric is a great tool that is used to gauge according to specified policies, making ranking simpler and grading fairer and transparent.
Table of Contents
- The Nature of a Rubric
- The Threshold of a Rubric
- Main Parts of a Rubric
- The Significance of a Rubric in an Essay
- Different types of Rubrics used by the Professors
- The Benefits of a Rubric in a College or University both to the students and the lecturers
- The Sure-fire Tips on how to Use a Rubric in Grading of Assignments
- The Ways on how to Develop a Rubric from Scratch
- The Wrapping up
How The Essay Rubric Looks Like
At the left side, the terms and conditions show the key elements of a learner task or product. On the top, the rating tool shows different levels of performance. Under every section of the scale rating, the indicators offer concrete descriptors in every performance.
The starting point of creating a essay rubric
You should consult a professional literature expert or a reliable online source to get the right information that talks about a rubric. Don’t reinvent the wheel but just go through the content to meet what you need. Once you get a model, you adapt the standards, indicators, and scale rating as per your needs.
The Way to Design an Essay Rubric
The process start by knowing the elementary components of a rubric. These are the indicators of performance, scale rating, and criteria of performance.
The Crucial Parts of an Essay Rubric
These are the four main parts of rubric. Read them carefully.
- A work description: The results being assessed or the guidelines learners get in an assignment is in this category.
- The features to be checked: These are behaviors, knowledge, and skills of the students which need to be rated.
- The mastery scale: These are levels that are used to describe the categories of being a master.
- The definition of every characteristic at every level of scale mastery.
The Significance of a Rubric in an Essay
- A rubric grade efficiently and consistently uses a specified standard: The faculty members should use a unified way to grade the students in college or university by the use of a rubric. The use of a rubric in school shows that you are grading students according to their performance but not against one another.
- A rubric gives a rich response to students on their grading: It has been known to a big number of professors that a rubric gauges performance in matters of style, content organization, and correctness of grammar.
- It guides the faculty members towards strategizing instructions: A rubric gives a clear demonstration on how some sources can be used to give facts.
Kinds of Rubrics
There are four types of rubrics. These include the following:
- Analytic Rubrics
- Developmental Rubrics
- Holistic Rubrics
This kind of rubric looks like a grid with the terms and conditions for a learner product written in the left column and with performance levels indicated across the top row commonly using numbers or tags that are descriptive.
The cells in the center of the rubric can be left blank or have descriptions of showing how the criteria look like for every performance. When using analytic rubric every criteria is used individually.
Pros of Analytic Rubrics
- The rubrics offer significant response on the areas of weakness and strength.
- The principle can be used to demonstrate the relative efficacy of every dimension.
Cons of Analytic Rubrics
- It takes a lot of time to come up with this rubric design compared to a holistic rubric.
- Unless every point for every rule has been defined well, lecturers may not get the same score.
These kinds of rubrics are a subsection of analytical trait rubrics. The main difference between developmental rubrics compared to other rubrics is that the aim of the developmental rubrics is not to gauge a performance or the end product. Developmental rubrics are designed to respond to questions. Mostly this kind of rubric is encapsulated in the basis of theory of development.
Pros of Developmental Rubrics
- It is useful when the aim of evaluation is to show the level of development but not the final product or quality.
- This kind of rubric can be based on developmental theory.
Cons of Developmental Rubrics
- This kind of rubric is more complicated to create.
- Designing a developmental rubric needs a close tie between the theory of development and the assessment of criteria.
The holistic rubric has a single scale with rules included in the evaluation. With this type of a rubric it assigns a single score. This is done according to the basis of overall judgement of the learner’s work. The rater fixes the entire piece of student task to a single description scale.
Pros of Holistic Rubrics
- Holistic rubrics emphasize on what the scholar is able to show, but not what he can do.
- It saves time by lessening the number of choices raters make.
- It can be implemented consecutively by professional raters’ therefore increasing reliability.
Cons of Holistic Rubrics
- It does not offer specific response for improvement.
- It is limited to choose the one best description.
- The type of criteria in holistic rubrics is difficult to weigh.
A checklist rubric is a different type of rubric. It contain two performance levels. The checklist rubric is longer than the others. Every decision in the checklist rubric is binary. A big number of rubrics in this rubric can be transformed into a checklist.
Pros of Checklists
- This kind of checklist is commonly faster and simpler way to rank students compared to using traditional rubric methods. This is because of making discrete decisions for every student’s performance.
- Checklist has been identified to make the grading of learners clear.
Cons of Checklist Rubric
- Designing checklists for the students’ assignments can be a tedious activity.
- It might be challenging to decide on the actual level of granularity that would be right for each task.
Benefits of a Rubric
- Rubrics create a unified language and framework for the students’ assessment.
- Complicated behaviors or products can be checked closely.
- Proficient reviews use the same standards and criteria.
- A rubric is not a norm-referenced but criterion-referenced.
- The use of rubrics can be used in substantive communications among the faculty members.
- When the professors collaborate to design a rubric, it boosts shared grading practices and expectations.
Tips on how to use an essay rubric
- The great way to use an essay rubric is by giving the rubric to the learners before they start their assignment.
- The next step is that the lecturer should assign scholars to write an essay. Make sure you remind the students the criteria being used in the rubric.
- Peer editing should be done in class by the students among themselves.
- When the peer-editing is over, students should hand in the essay.
Tips on how to develop a rubric
- Adapt and check a rubric that has been existing: It is difficult to get a rubric that has been written in the right manner for your students. You can adapt a rubric that is existing already and has worked greatly for others. This will save you a lot of time. Probably your fellow professor may be having one.
- Analyze the rubric very well: Ask yourself these crucial questions.
-Does the scaling tool connect with the outcomes that are assessed?
-Does the tool address any stuff that is extraneous?
-Is the rubric practical, manageable, useful, and feasible?
- Benchmark: You should collect samples of students’ assignment that explain each point on the tool.
- Make a decision that you will revisit the rubric later to confirm if it’s reliable and significant for your use.
- The most other important point is to share the crucial points with your colleagues at workplace.
Well-designed rubrics lessen the time professors could spend evaluating learners work and reduce inconsistent grading. Rubrics give a sort of clarity and alignment that is needed in the entire instructional design process. This creates a great course that is aimed on exceptional learning. Rubrics have been discovered to help scholars know the narrative of the course, encourage just and swift grading. A rubric is a great tool used by a professor to get the unit learning in a college or a university. Policies are created to show the essence of the rubric in a learning institution. A well unfolded criterion should offer context and content to scholars and the expectations that are set. Rubrics take time to be designed but the task is worth it for your benefits and to the students.