Law enforcers worldwide use Non-lethal weapons or less-lethal weapons to disperse large crowds especially rioters. Non-lethal weapons are intended to cause less harm unlike conventional weapons like firearms and knives. Yet, nonlethal weapons are killing people. There is evidence pointing out that non-lethal weapons can truly inflict serious pain, disability and in rare cases even cause death. A report by International Network of Civil Liberties Organizations and Physicians for Human Rights found that non-lethal weapons including rubber bullets, tear gas, flash bags and other projectiles are deployed indiscriminately since most police based organizations solely depend on manufacturers’ recommendations. Most non-lethal weapons are depicted as being less lethal yet the results are far from the depiction.
Kinetic impact projectiles are amongst the greatest dangerous non-lethal weapon such as the rubber-coated metal bullets, rubber bullets, and bean bag rounds. As the name suggests rubber bullets are nonlethal weapons made of metal rounds or rubber. The bean bag round is a shotgun round that mainly contains a square shaped pillow holding around 40 grams of lead shots. These non-lethal weapons are both designed to cause minimal damage but people have been killed by these non-lethal weapons. It was reported in the study above that these non-lethal weapons have injured countless rioters in Israel and killed protesters in Nepal, after all these nonlethal weapons are still projectiles and can, therefore, cause harm.
As a matter of fact, sometimes police have used ordinary shotguns to disperse rioters instead of using nonlethal projectiles. Meanwhile, police in the US is grappling with utilizing lesser-known non-lethal weapon such as Long Range Acoustic Device (LRAD). This weapon uses high sounds to disorient disorderly rioters thus dispersing them. While this device is nonlethal reports indicate that in effect it causes hearing damages. Other less-lethal weapons include teargas and pepper spray. Pepper spray contains a chemical found in chilies that makes both the eyes and nose runny.
Police have used this together with tear gas, another non-lethal weapon like pepper spray but much stronger, in years to subdue uncontrollable crowds. However, like other nonlethal weapons, both pepper spray and teargas can in effect cause difficulty in breathing and temporary blindness. Unfortunately, these nonlethal weapons can actually result in death especially to individuals with respiratory ailments. Another old nonlethal weapon that has been in use since ancient of time is the nightstick. Most patrolling police often carry this stick or batons and clubs while driving or walking. The Taser is an electroshock nonlethal weapon that uses compressed nitrogen changes that once used sends electrodes into someone causing involuntary muscle spam. As a non-lethal weapon, Tasers have greatly reduced the number of deaths that could have risen out of a firearm. However, there have been cases of cardiac arrest resulting from the use of this weapon. Therefore, its usage is not completely non-lethal. Other similar nonlethal weapon includes the stun gun that works similar to a Taser.
While non-lethal weapons are theoretically supposed to cause less if no injury at all, in practice the opposite is true. In the actual sense, the only reason nonlethal weapons such as stink bombs, water cannons, flashlight guns, heat guns and web shot among other nonlethal weapons came along in the first place is that they are specifically nonlethal. But when reports indicate otherwise, then practicability of the same is questionable. While it is not possible to ban the use of nonlethal weapons at least some oversight should be put in use when procuring and using these weapons. For the most part, apart from the guideline on the use of some nonlethal weapons, it is also important that guidelines should be put in place to cover training and accountability of the same.