It is quite difficult to comprehend what goes on inside a beehive. The questions are innumerable. What are the bees doing, how do they bees organize themselves? Why are they even doing what they are doing? While it appears that life inside a beehive might be hard to visualize. On the contrary, life inside a beehive is actually impressively simple. To logically make sense of the same, it’s imperative that one first understands who lives in a beehive.
Of course, we all know that bees live in a beehive. What most people do not take notice of is the fact that similar to different members in a family, there are three main varieties of bees that occupy a hive. The queen is the first in importance. The queen bee has a relatively larger abdomen than its counterparts in the hive. Solely, the queen bee lays eggs in the cell. Like normal ordinary queens, the bee queen does not do anything, she is feed and even her waste is gotten rid of. Centrally, the queen bee is surrounded by multiple of female worker and the male drone relatively lower in number than the worker bee.
Most notably, the worker bee is infertile though it is capable of laying drone male cells. From the time a worker bee first emerges from her cell; she performs a myriad of tasks inside the hive till she is mature enough to fly out of the hive to collect nectar and pollen until she dies. As a matter of fact, in the period that flowers are blooming, the worker bee can literally work herself to death. The drone which is also the male or the father in a typical modern family comparison functions is to mate the queen. For the most part, at least 20 drone males succeed in this process.
In most cases, drones only come in the hive during the summer, they are not involved in any work and in autumn they are evicted from the hive by the worker bee. Generally, bees construct at least 20 wax cells that the queen can lay eggs in. Once mating is successful, the queen bee can lay up to 2000 eggs per day, in the height of the season, mostly during April and May. Nonetheless, the time the queen bee lays eggs largely depends on the climate and the location of the hive. In any event, if the queen dies or gets lost, a real emergency arises in the hive since the hive cannot survive without the queen bee. Nonetheless, in the event that there is more than one queen cell in the beehive then the hive can certainly survive. The queen can mate only once and is capable of holding adequate sperms from the drone bee to lay eggs in the next three to five years; the drone bee generally dies during fertilization.
Typically there are three different types of wax cells that are used for the eggs. The smaller cells normally develop into worker bees in 21 days after fertilization. The large cells in which the unfertilized eggs are laid in taking at least 24 days to become the drone bee. Lastly, the third cell is quite special which develops to produce new queens. In subsequent events, the queen bee cell is sealed with wax capping, an impending signal usually notifying a beekeeper of a large swarm. On the same note, this is also a sign for the queen bee to leave the hive together with older bees. Days after the queen bee and the entourage leaves the hive, the first virgin queen appears from her cell to continue with the cycle of events in the hive.