Amelia Earhart was a pioneer of early aviation and international sensation in the 1930s. Amelia Earhart set the world record as being the first woman to solely complete a round flight trip across the US, and the first woman to solely cross the Atlantic. She was a pioneer breaking altitude records and crossed oceans in her Lockheed Electra something that was almost impossible at her time. Indeed, most of us know Amelia Earhart as an early pioneer in aviation. On 2nd June 1937, Amelia Earhart’s daring across the world was cut short when she and her navigator Fred Noonan mysteriously disappeared over the Pacific Ocean. The disappearance of Amelia Earhart has vexed historians for years. What happened in the final moments did her plane crash in the Pacific, did she land at the Howland Island or was she captured by the Japanese? Such questions have fueled conspiracy theories for decades. Falling to locate the plane in the Pacific the US government legally declared Amelia Earhart dead by January 1939. However, the question of where her plane and body went down to have never been resolved. Years after her disappearance, a number of theories have emerged some with scientific basis and other with dubious claims.
The most widely accepted theory is the crash and sink theory that explains that the plane run out of gas plunging in the into the ocean killing Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. Another theory explains that Amelia Earhart possibly spent her last days in the island. An expedition in 2010 uncovered some compelling clues. They identified campfires traces, pieces of open pocketknives, fragments of a cosmetic jar and human bone fragments. Yet another theory explains that Amelia Earhart could have been a spy commissioned by the government to spy on Japan.
A book in 1970 claimed that Amelia Earhart survived the plane crash and was taken as the prisoner by the Japanese. Similarly, other theories claim that Amelia Earhart altogether survived the crash and safely returned to the United States changed her name and lived for years in obscurity. It is also widely believed that both Amelia Earhart and Noonan landed on an island in south pacific known as Gardner Island, formerly Nikumaroro. Apparently, a group of researchers was able to assemble a collection of artifacts that were consistent to Earhart’s Lockheed Electra. In addition, evidence suggests that indeed the plane did not sink, since Amelia Earhart’s was apparently able to send out radio signals days after the crash.
Nonetheless, Amelia Earhart unrelated presence in American research lies in the fact that not a single shred of evidence has been found as a basis to significantly substantiate the sink theory. Regardless of wide sea surveys that ensued days following their disappearance, despite existing evidence that suggests that Amelia Earhart and Noonan’s made it to Howland Island; not once has there been an official story apart from the sink and crash theory. In fact, some evidence suggests that Amelia Earhart and her navigator both landed on the Island and altogether encountered different ends. Theorists and researchers have been asking numerous questions on Earhart’s disappearance. For decades inquiries into government’s involvement and the true nature of her last flight have gone unresolved. There is not much certainly concerning the fate of Amelia Earhart. However, it is indisputable that in her lifetime Amelia Earhart had multiple sides; she was the author of several successful books, she was the social worker; a fashion designer; a wartime nurse’s aide; a stunt pilot, the aviation editor at Cosmopolitan Magazine and a feminist. Who can dispute that Amelia Earhart wasn’t a spy? or a prisoner of war or a rogue government agent?