MLA Works Cited: Other Common Sources
In today’s world, one can find a variety of sources with multiple ways of citations. Example of these sources are; the ones that appear in different formats e.g. DVDs, music, T.V shows, Published and unpublished interviews, interviews done via the e-mail; and conference proceeding that may be published or unpublished. In this section, we will be able to group any sort of citation that does not lie under the print, periodical or the electronic sources.
The recommended format for these sources is as follows:
Author.Title. Title of container (self-contained if book), Other contributors (translators or editors), Version (edition), Number (vol. and/or no.), Publisher, Publication Date, Location (pages, paragraphs URL or DOI). 2nd containers title, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location, Date of Access.
Interviews are divided into two categories: print or broadcast published and unpublished or personal interviews.
They represent interviews that one conducts themselves. They should be listed by the name of the interviewee and the inclusion of the Personal interview and the date of the interview.
Pablo, Evans. Personal interview. 20 May 2012.
Published Interviews (Print or Broadcast)
Ensure the full name of the interviewee is listed sufficiently. In case the name of the other is included in the main work e.g. the book, television programs, or a film series, enter the title of the interview in quotation marks. The title of the larger work should also be entered in italics. In situations whereby the interview appears as an independent title, then it is supposed to be italicized. Whenever one is citing books, enter the author or editor after the book title.
It is critical to note if the interview does not have a title then one has to add the descriptor, Interview by after the interviewee’s name and before the name of the interviewer.
Kruger, Liz. Interview with MacDonald White, Illinois Review, vol. 6, no. 7, 2000, pp. 126-34.
Miller, Smith. “Democratic Push.”Interview with Americans Bureau of Statics, By Peter Tosh, Harper, 1995.
Online-only Published Interviews
It is important that one should adapt and name the interview as introduced by the interviewee. In case the interview has a title on it then it should be put in quotation marks. The remainder should also be cited to follow the format that is used for other web details. The name of the website should appear in italics, provide the name of the publisher or sponsor, the date of publication and end with the URL.
Some situation limit the interview to lack a title, in this case add the descriptor Interview by , after the name of the interviewee and before the name of the interviewer(s).
Ransom , Zachary. Interview by Francis Marti. Skewed &Reviewed, 15 Aug. 2009, www.arcgames.com/en/games/star-trek-online/news/detail/2310548-skewed-%2356-reviewed-interviews-craig. Accessed 23 May. 2004.
Speeches, Lectures, or Other Oral Presentations (including Conference Presentations)
Present the name of the speaker and then enter the title of the speech (if provided) in quotation marks. Present the title of the conference or meeting being held followed by the name of organization. Mention the venue and its city and use the descriptor that describes the presentation that is being cited (e.g. Address, Lecture, Reading,Keynote Speech, Guest Lecture, Conference Presentation).
Fitch, Mark. “The Experience of using Android.” Digital Dimensions, 12 May 2006, Hilton Hotel, West Lafayette, IN. Keynote Address.
Published Conference Proceedings
It is imperative to note that a published conference proceeding is cited as a book. Whenever the date and the location are not included in the published title then one is required to add this information at the end of the proceedings.
Last Name, First Name, editor. Conference Title that Includes Conference Data and Location, Publisher, Publication Date.
Last Name, First Name, editor. Conference Title that Does Not Include Conference Date and Location, Conference Date and Location, edited by Conference Editor(s), Publisher, Date of Publication.
A Painting, Sculpture, or Photograph
Start with the name of the artist, then the title of the artwork in italics, the composition date, and the medium of the piece. At the end, give the name of the institution that accommodates the artwork followed by the place where the institution if it is not mentioned in the name of the institution like: The Museum of Chicago.
Vinci, da Leonardo.Mona Lisa. 1503, painting, Musee du Louvre, Paris.
Instances of photographic reproductions of the artwork like (an appearance of images of artwork in a book) cite the book or website as a container. Note that in the case of a second container, the title is comes before the contributors. Use the citation shown above then followed by the information for the source where the photograph appears, adding the page or reference numbers (plate, figure, etc0
Vinci, da Leonardo.Mona Lisa. 1503, painting, Musee du Louvre, Paris. Gardner’s Art, 8thed. By Morris Muller and Austen Sean, Harcourt Brace, p.78.
A Song or Album
Several ways can be used to cite Music; this highly depends on the container that one accessed the music from. Normally, most citation are required to start with the name of the artist. Music could also be listed by composers or performers. It is in order to ensure that one enters the information concerning the composer and performer after the album title. Mark individual songs titles in quotation marks. Remember to italicize the album names and end the citation with entering the name of the recording manufacturer then the date of publication.
Any information such as that of the record label and the name of the album that is not availed is not required to be listed.
Morgan, Vick. “Hate.”Cold Harper Entertainment, 2011.Spotify, open.spotify.com/track/oOpes3Tw5r2305fudK8gxi.
Drake.“Gods’ Plan.”Lemonade, Routledge Records, 2015. www.drake.com/album/lemonade-visual-album/.
Eminem. “8 Miles.” Closing the Closet, Dre, 2002.
Films or Movies
It is critical that one provides the title of the film followed by the name of the director, then the film studio or distributor and the year it was released. If necessary, provide the name of the performers after the director’s name.
Face Off. Directed by Bruce Willis, performance by Nicolas Cage, Morgan Freeman, Angelina Jolie, Steve Austin, Peter Tosh and Leonardo de Caprio, 1999
In order to emphasize on some performers of directors then the citation should start with their names and then followed by the title of that person.
Gregory, Muller, director.Spiderman episode III: Ravaging New York .Twentieth Century Fox, 2005.
Recorded Television Episodes
Recorded television episodes should be cited as films and an example is given in the text above. One should start with entering the name of the episode in quotation marks, then the name of the series in italics. If the title of the collection of the recordings differs with the original series then one is advised to enter a list a title that would be aid the reader to locate the recording. Finally provide the name of the distributor followed by the distribution date.
“Prison Breakout.”Derick. Complete ninth season, written by Michael Bolton and Todd Smith, directed by Victoria Morgan, Warner Brothers Entertainment, 2003.
Broadcast TV or Radio Program
Start off by listing the title of the episode in quotation marks, then the name of the series or program in italics. It is also appropriate to mention the network name, call letters of the station followed by the broadcasting date and the city of broadcasting.
“The Break Up.”X-Men Reloaded. Twentieth Century Fox. WXIA, Atlanta, 25 Jul. 2007.
Netflix, Hulu, Google Play
The example below shows how theyshould be cited:
“Hit Man.”Blood Monday, season 2, episode 17, NBC, 15 Aug. 2010.Netflix, www.netflix.com/watch/50236912.
An Entire TV Series
The following shows the format of citing an entire TV show:
Wayne, Daniels, and Simone Kruger, creators.The Bold and the Beautiful. Warner Brothers, 2008.
A Specific Performance or Aspect of a TV show.
To emphasize on a specific aspect of the show requires the inclusion of that specific information. If there is need to write about a specific character in a certain episode one just needs to include the name of the performer and the creator.
“Hit Man.”Blood Monday, created by Lorenzo, Perez and Palumbo Juan, performance by Michael Johnson, season 3, episode 22, Deedle-Dee Productions, 2007.
And in case there is need to emphasize on a particular character, one should follow this format.
Dickens, John, performer.The Other Side of Me. Deedle-Dee Productions and Universal Media Stdios, 2010-2012
“The Better Half.”Face Off! From NPR, 6 June 2003, http://www.npr.org/podcasts/344526941/face-off.
Spoken-Word Albums such as Comedy Albums
They are cited the same as musical albums.
Muller, Franco. The Other Side of Me. Comedy Central, 2012.
Digital Files (PDFs, MP3s, JPEGs)
First, it is important to identify the type of work supposed to be cited e.g. article, image, sound recording and others then cite as required. It is essential to end the citation by classifying the digital format (PDF, JPEG file, Microsoft word file, MP3). In case the citation does not follow the primary parameters of citing then one is required to give the name of the author, the name of the work, creation date, and the location
Vaughn, Morris. Moonlight Sonata. Warner Brothers, 2005.
Smith, Veronica. “Precious Moments: It Feels as if we are at the Moon.” Microsoft Word File.
Program for administering Finance Audit, Business Commerce and Financial Controller.Framework that decides on the Audit.CWPA, NCTE and NWP, 2005, wpacouncil.org/files/framework-for-success-postsecondary-writing.pdf.
Miller, Susan. “Free and Fair.”Business Review, vol. 12, no. 2, 1989, pp. 121-45. JSTOR, www.jstor.org.iii/stable/4332351.