Initially, Buddhism originated in India; however, today Buddhism has flourished in many other surroundings around the world. Buddhism is basically rooted in the teaching of Buddha Gautama. Nonetheless, Buddhism is not specifically bound to any culture, society, ethnic group and race. The essence of Buddhism, essentially remains the same, in essence, it is argued that Buddhism is not only a religious practice but a philosophical path, a spiritual journey and a way of life.
The order of Buddhists monks was actually laid down by Buddha Gautama more than 200 years ago. Fundamentally rooted in the principle of Karma, Buddhism is espoused in the belief of the cycle of rebirth and suffering, where evil and good deeds are actually reincarnated in an individual’s life. The Buddhist monk can be compared to a modern-day religious priest. Altogether, a Buddhist monk principally adheres to all Buddha’s teaching, in fact, Buddhist monks live in isolation from other beings, they live in Buddhist temples or around a Buddha, living a life of pure worship and service. The way of following Buddhist path revolves around renouncing all worldly attachments so as to create space for spiritual activity. It follows then, that monks have relatively very few material possessions that mostly consist of study equipment, eating bowls, few clothes, normally robes, perhaps some candles and an altar for prayers.
A typical day for a Buddhist Monk usually starts very early in the morning at around 5:30 AM. Their day starts with meditation and prayer chats. After prayers, the monks are called for breakfast with a gong bell. In big temples, food is prepared by laymen and monks. The laymen are usually middle-aged women. In other settings, the Buddhist monk together with their Buddha goes around begging for food.
Typically, alms round involves the Buddhists monks moving from house to house, with an alms bowl, receiving any food put into the bowl. Most often, people would invite the Buddha with his followers for meals and prayers and the Buddha would advise on the same. So then, the food Buddhist eats is mostly obtained from the alms round or people offerings food directly at the temple. During meals the novice Buddhist monks, first serve food trays to elder monks, the monks can only eat after prayers. Upon which they eat bits from each plate so that people who offered the food receive some merits.
Every day Buddhist monks have specific roles that involve maintenance of the temple and its surroundings. Some Buddhist monks at times meditate while doing these repetitive tasks. There are many perspectives to Buddhism; this means that some of the practices are relatively varied. One pertains to the second meal. Some Buddhists monks take only one meal while others have the second and last one around noon mostly leftovers from the first meal. Before sitting monks pray towards the statues of the Buddha.
After the meals, around 1 PM Buddhist monks and novices study Dharma up to 6 PM. For the Buddhist monks that do not study, they take time in meditation or personal laundry. All along, Buddhist monks and the Buddha also attend to people who come seeking help from people who want to be unionized in their marriages, people with sick babies, those who want to build a new home, people with diseases and etcetera. In the evenings from around 7 PM, Buddhist monks pray again at the BOT (the building that houses Buddha’s image). The other events in the day of a Buddhist monk involve recitations and memorization of daily studies. This actually continues up to 10 or 11 at night after which Buddhists monks sleep. However, higher Buddhists monks continue with prayers through midnight. And, again dawn breaks and the cycle continues for a Buddhists monk.