Piracy is illegal downloading, copying and distribution of pieces of copyrighted work especially music, videos games, software, files and movies in which the copyright company has not given consent to. Piracy has a long history dating back as early as 1603, advancements in technology have however seen the vice spiral in the decades resulting in millions of loss in revenues, jobs, and profits of entertainment companies.

In sum, the entertainment industry loses billions of dollars, it is hard to accurately calculate the losses due in part to the fact, that it is unclear just how many people download films and music over the internet or pay for a pirated DVD or CD, or just how much could have been paid to buy concert and theatre tickets. In essence, piracy is a civil wrong under copyright infringement and a crime in many countries. Yet, there is so much controversy surrounding the real effect of piracy. The argument is majorly counterintuitive, some are of the opinion that piracy has no effect on the entertainment industry, and others question the very scope of piracy. Nonetheless, it is a fact that piracy not only affects individual artists but also the economy as a whole.

Over the years, several anti-piracy laws have been formulated in an attempt to keep the vice at low levels. A number of countries and corporations have established diverse legislative acts in an attempt to curb the vice. As with most issues, the exact number of policies and legislation greatly varies from country to country. Nonetheless, the focus has been on reducing and altogether preventing piracy. Some measures include education, criminal and civil legislation, imprisonment for illegal downloaders, plus stringent measures including warning letters to illegal downloaders, the imposition of files, and suspension to accessing internet services as well as cutting off sites that facilitate piracy. In addition, policies that are formulated focus on publicizing anti-piracy litigations as well as imposing forms of piracy protection such as the anti-circumvention laws that seek to control the limit consumers have over the use of contents and products that they purchase.

Countries also engage in international agreements that establish copyright obligations that generally provide exceptions and litigations to digital works and uses. To prevent film piracy, the standard drill for film distribution has been to first have the movie released through theatrical weeks before it is released on DVD and Blu-Ray disk. High security is maintained during the theatrical window with versions of the films being transported via couriers in data storage with encryption keys that work within specific times to prevent leakages.

Moreover, Coded Anti-Piracy marks can be incorporated in films to point out sources of illegal copies whilst shutting them down. Until recently, reports outline that there has been a decline in illegally copied files because of the emergence of legal streaming services such as Netflix, Pandora, and Spotify which provides consumers with reliable experiences. Indeed giving users legal options along anti-piracy measures is amongst the best measure in dealing with egregious downloaders. Another strategy involves blocking piracy websites that allow users to find files for downloading via peer to peer networks.

Closure of websites such as Mega upload and the pirate bay was the right approach to reducing piracy. Music piracy can be minimized using proven techniques that involve adding watermarks to tracks as well as uploading files for promotion. In addition, anti-piracy software plus a combination of other technological techniques can also help track illegal transfers and institute litigations for copyright infringement. Such may include; hosting music videos on cloud services such as Amazon AWS or video platforms that are configured on the cloud. Most importantly, one can add private links plus authorizations and encryptions to keep files safe. However, technology cannot solely curtail piracy trends; anti-piracy efforts need a combination of the producers, the government as well as law enforcers.