General Model for Citing Books in the Chicago Notes and Bibliography System

Footnote or Endnote (N):

  1. First name Last name, Title of Book (Place of publication: Publisher, Year it was published), page number.

Corresponding bibliographical entry (B):

Last name, First name. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.

Book by one author


  1. J. Kerouac, The Dharma Bums (New York: Viking Press, 1957), 127.


Kerouac, Jack. The Dharma Bums. New York: Viking Press, 1957.

Book by multiple authors

Two or more authors should be listed in the order they appear as authors, and not a must to be alphabetically listed.


  1. Scott Lash and John U., Economies of Signs & Space (London: Sage Publications, 1990), 242-52.


Lash, Scott, and John Urry. Economies of Signs & Space. London: Sage Publications, 1990.

Translated work with one author


  1. Julio Cortázar, Hopscotch, trans. Gregory Rabassa (New York: Pantheon Books, 1965), 165.


Cortázar, Julio. Hopscotch.Translated by Gregory Rabassa. New York: Pantheon Books, 1965.

Book with Author and Editor

In notes, CMOS uses the abbreviation of “editor(s)” as “ed.” or “eds.,” and translator(s) as “trans.” In bibliographic entries, these abbreviations are not used. Instead, titles are spelled out in full. This information appears in the MLA Handbook, section 14.103.


  1. Edward B. Tylor, Researches into the Early Development of Mankind and the Development of Civilization, ed. Paul B. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964), 194.


Tylor, Edward B. Research on Early Development of Mankind and the Development of Civilization, Edited by Paul B. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964.

Chapter from a single-authored book

CMOS supplies two correct forms for bibliographic entries. Both are noted below.


  1. G.Anzaldua, “How to Tame a Wild Tongue,” in Borderlands: The New Mestiza – La Frontera, (San Francisco: Aunt Lute Book Company, 1987): 53-64.


Anzaldua, Gloria. “How to Tame a Wild Tongue.” In Borderlands: The New Mestiza – La Frontera. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Book Company, 1987.


Anzaldua, Gloria. Borderlands: The New Mestiza – La Frontera. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Book Company, 1987. See esp. chap. 5, “How to Tame a Wild Tongue.”

Contributions from an edited collection with various authored chapters

Contributing author’s name is cited first when citing work by a single author that appears in a book with multiple authors,, followed by the title of their contribution, the word ‘in’ and the book title , along with the name(s) of the editors, and other standard information.


  1. Phillip Appleman, “O Karma, Dharma, Pudding and Pie,” in Good Poems, ed. Garrison Keillor (New York: Penguin, 2002), 12.


Appleman, Phillip. “O Karma, Dharma, Pudding and Pie.” In Good Poems, edited by Garrison K., 12. New York: Penguin, 2003.

Introduction, Preface, or after words in a Book

Different from other citations for books, bibliographic entries of this kind include the page number range for the part cited.


  1. Steven Pinker, in his, introduction to what is Your Dangerous Idea?ed. John Brockman (New York: Harper Perennial, 2006), xv.


Pinker, Steven. Introduction to What is Your Dangerous Idea?, xxiii-xxxiii. Edited by John Brockman. New York: Harper Perennial, 2006.

Anonymous works–Unknown authorship

Sources that hasunknown author or editor should be cited by title. Follow the basic format for “Footnote or Endnote” and “Corresponding Bibliographical Entry” that are exemplified above omitting author and/or editor names and beginning respective entries with the title of the source.

Citing Indirect Sources

Since authors are generally expected to be intimately familiar with the sources they are citing, Chicago does not encourage the use of a source that was cited within another (secondary) source. In the case that an original source is utterly unavailable, however, Chicago requires the use of “quoted in” for the note:


  1. Ian Hacking, The Social Construction of What? (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000), 103, quoted in Manuel DeLanda, A New Philosophy of Society (New York: Continuum, 2005), 2.

Self-published or Privately Published Books

Books published by the author should be cited according to the available information on the title page or copyright page. Include languagein place of publisher, such as “self-published” (abbreviated as “self-pub” in notes, but not a bibliography) or “printed by the author” is usually appropriate. For self-published e-books, indicate the name of the application or device required to read the book or the name of the file format, or both.


  1. Long, Chasing Rainbows: A Novel (self-pub., CreateSpace, 2012).


Long, K..Chasing Rainbows: A Novel.Self-Published, CreateSpace, 2012.