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Daisy Buchanan Character Analysis In “The Great Gatsby” Book


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“The Great Gatsby” Book Through Daisy Buchanan Character Analysis

Frances Scott Fitzgerald uses many round and dynamic characters in one of the greatest literary works of the 20th century, “The Great Gatsby,” to add to the primary thematic focus. Daisy Fay Buchanan, one of the major characters in the novel, is presented as an essential personality in relation to the American Dream theme. An integral component of the novel’s plot, Daisy portrays the book’s meaning using her multidimensional personality and the way he relates to the conflicts Fitzgerald presents. This essay presents an analysis of the work in Buchanan’s perspective, arguing particularly that the novelist characterizes her both as the American Dream and the challenges everyone faces in realizing it, where most fail.

A Brief Synopsis of “The Great Gatsby”

Jay Gatsby, a poor, youthful, but attractive man is on course to discover the wealthy families’ life where he does not belong at the beginning of the novel. He leaves for the army after falling in love with Daisy Buchanan, a Southern belle. Gatsby returns after several years, incredibly rich and prepared to win Daisy back. Unlucky for him, Gatsby discovers that his lover was already married to Tom. However, his affection for Daisy are overwhelming, drawing him into living a life that he hoped she would notice someday. Therefore, Gatsby purchases a house in Daisy’s neighborhood and lives extraordinarily hoping that Daisy would visit one day. Finally, Daisy attends one of the many lavish parties he keeps throwing and the two rekindle their love. Everyone reading the novel may grow anxious to learn what transpires next only to discover that the move brought more disappointments than enjoyment to Gatsby. He loses his personality in pursuit of the careless Daisy. The two bring themselves down, leading to a sad and somewhat predictable conclusion.

Daisy Buchanan Is Fitzgerald’s Personification of the American Dream

Jay Gatsby’s life is the novelist’s interpretation of the American Dream, where Daisy is the ultimate goal. Gatsby begins from scratch, ascends to the top quickly, acquires everything he ever dreamt of having, lives an incredibly luxurious life, and will not stop at anything to get the woman of his dreams. Sadly, on the flip side of his life, Gatsby is a miserable person, considering that woman he gets is not is ideal. In everyone’s perspective, particularly readers, Daisy Buchanan is not as flattering because they easily find her self-centered, indecisive, and shallow.

The beginning point of labelling Daisy as the American Dream is her significance to Gatsby throughout the novel. Gatsby, ambitious and attractive as readers find him at the beginning of the book, is thirsty for love. The affection he yearns for is personified in Fitzgerald’s Daisy Buchanan. Gatsby was always in search of a fruitful relationship with a wealth woman as a youth. The novelist takes a great deal of time to elaborate the characteristics of the American Dream. Gatsby’s relationship with Daisy highlights the idea that the Dream is primarily materially perceived. Particularly, he learns one big idea about loving or being loved, the fact that the phenomenon is measurable. It implies that one has to be of wealth and means for them to develop meaningful relationships in life, the very aspects underscoring the realization of the American Dream. In this case, Daisy Buchanan’s characterization implies that everyone living the American Dream must strive to acquire as much wealth as they can manage.

If Daisy is the Dream, then Fitzgerald suggests that she is the idealistic form of living, the America everyone envisions as the land of the free and limitless opportunities. The novel describes Daisy as young, beautiful, and something desired and sought after by men, making her an ideal representation of love. Consequently, men act carelessly to win Daisy’s love, the same way they would to live the Dream. This argument is Jay Gatsby’s case, who willfully becomes excessively extravagant to get Buchanan’s attention when he retires from the army.

In some way, readers can argue that Fitzgerald criticizes the means most people use to live the American Dream. For instance, one may term Gatsby’s approach as foolish, considering that he willfully embellishes his reputation for love, such as when he kills a man, as described by observers in one of his numerous parties. Much as Gatsby’s tale is amplified by other people’s fantasies, myths, and stories, one realizes that it is irrational and unwise to throw lavish parties, grow extremely rich and fabricate lies to realize a goal. Daisy’s characterization suggests that everyone must do everything within and outside their means to chase their dreams, implying that Fitzgerald puts a price tag on the American Dream by making Daisy the novel’s all-important character. Therefore, the green light at the end of Daisy’s dock represents her love and how Gatsby keeps seeking her—the materialistic aspect of the American Dream. In this case, one must consider that Daisy Buchanan is a rich woman and that anyone who qualifies to be her lover must be her equal.

The novel paints a common stereotype in the achievement of the American Dream, where no one does anything to benefit another without any substantial gains. The commonest aspect of this stereotype in Fitzgerald’s work is “men want beauty, women want money.” The novelist makes this idea the thesis of his characterization of Daisy Buchanan. The two major male characters in the novel, Jay Gatsby and Tom Buchanan, are stereotypical because they are both drawn to Daisy’s beauty because they are somewhat rich—her love is idealistic.

The American Dream is the all-important concern for Americans, the reason every man in the novel treat Daisy as a trophy, a prize for which they must compete to have. It furthers the argument that men seek beauty as women look for wealth, an idea Gatsby depicts in the book. For instance, the instance in which Daisy and Jay are left alone to wonder around the latter’s house highlights this aspect, the idea that the Dream is the most significant theme of the novel. Particularly, the two arrive at Jay’s closet, where he throws expensive shirts at Daisy who breaks down crying because she had never seen such beautiful shirts in her life. The incident is critical for this analysis since it highlights the materialistic aspect of the American Dream personified in Daisy Buchanan’s characterization.

Daisy Buchanan Is Fitzgerald’s Personification of the Means of Attaining the American Dream

In the lens of Daisy’s characterization, Fitzgerald suggests that those chasing the American Dream are not interested in forming genuine relationships with others. In this case, everyone is busy seeking to be connected to someone to bridge the gap between their present and dream lives. The Daisy-Gatsby case is a little exceptional for this case, considering the circumstances of their later reunion. Precisely, at the beginning of the novel, Gatsby wanted to have a rich woman, a representation of the materialistic aspect of the Dream. However, he realized that he would never match Daisy’s standard of life, prompting her to work harder by joining the army. Readers acknowledge the idea that everyone must be of means and worth to live the American Dream, which Gatsby demonstrates as he throws his lavish shirts at Daisy hoping to win her affection for good. Therefore, in some way, Fitzgerald urges everyone to work hard to lead the life of their dreams.

Daisy Buchanan’s characterization highlights the shortcuts most people use to realize the American Dream, something Fitzgerald concentrates on for a good deal of time in “The Great Gatsby.” The character represents those who enter into unthoughtful relationships, an idea that is not new in real life. The book draws the reader to consider examples of couples who do not quite suit each other, married for material benefits, such as older men marrying younger women and conversely. For instance, Anna Nicole Smith, a popular model and actress in the 90s, married an eight-nine-year billionaire at twenty-six. The example is a real-life situation of an older man who sought a beautiful woman and used his wealth to lure her. Understandably, most women do not go after older men unless they think that they are likely to benefit in some way, an idea that they may have a shortcut to something more valuable than the love relationship they pretend to have. In Anna Nicole’s case, it is apparent that the relationship was of convenience, something “The Great Gatsby” depicts through the characterization of Daisy Buchanan.

Daisy Buchanan is Fitzgerald’s Representation of the Sacrifices People Make in Reaching the American Dream

The primary idea of Gatsby and Buchanan’s relationship concerns the foolishness of love, the mistakes and sacrifices people make to realize their goals. Readers find that Gatsby is so much in love with Daisy that he is ready to take blames for her mistakes. For instance, while driving back from a hotel, a drunk Daisy, riding with Gatsby and Tom in Gatsby’s car, hits a woman. It is only logical to concede that Fitzgerald’s Gatsby risked many things for his dream love. Apart from the lavish parties he threw hoping to get back an ex-girlfriend married with children, he takes the blame for the accident. Furthermore, he does not seem to be interested in other women, focused only on Daisy and risking his reputation for being in an illicit affair. Readers may note Jay’s commitment, perhaps admire it for the positive reason that everyone must work as hard as they can to realize their goals lest they fail. In this case, they may conclude that it is better to die trying than to lie idle about something of presumed value.

Daisy Buchanan is also Fitzgerald’s personification of carelessness as a sacrifice people have to make to realize what they want in life. The whole idea is that love is measurable in material terms, particularly money—Daisy drives Jay to work for her love. Gatsby’s riches are the apex of the American Dream, considering that they help him to finally get closer to his dream love. However, he makes a foolish sacrifice to squander the wealth by flashing his lifestyle and throwing expensive parties at the expense of careful planning. Nonetheless, the novelist demonstrates the lengths to which some people go to realize their ambitions, to win Daisy Buchanan’s affection and live the American Dream.


“The Great Gatsby” is a tale of love and choices, a highlight of what it takes to live the American Dream. While the novel uses many dynamic and round characters, Daisy Buchanan is the stand-out personification of the Dream. Her beauty is the reason Gatsby must work hard at the army to amass as much wealth as he can to win her love. Fitzgerald uses the character to highlight the American Dream’s significance, including the means most people would rather use to realize their ambition of good life. As argued, the milestone is hard to attain, necessitating several sacrifices, some involving careless decisions since the Dream is primarily materialistic.

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