APA Headings and Seriation
APA format applies distinctive heading format to differentiate and categorize paper sections. As such, headings are used as guidance for the reader when going through the document.
Heading are organized based on levels of subordination, where every section of the document should begin with the highest level of heading.
APA style has 5 heading levels. These levels are revised and simplified in APA 6th edition. Irrespective of the various levels, it is always important that you apply the heading systematically, starting with level 1. Below is how each level should be formatted.
|1||Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Headings|
|2||Left-aligned, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading|
|3||Indented, boldface, lowercase heading with a period.|
|4||Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase heading with a period.|
|5||Indented, italicized, lowercase heading with a period.|
Therefore, supposing the article has three sections, with some including subsections and others without the subjections. You should use heading based on the level of subordination.
As such, level one heading are used for section heading. Level two headings are used for subsections, and level three are used for subsections of subjections.
An example is shown below.
Methodology (Level 1)
Sample Population (Level 2)
Participant Population (Level 2)
Nurses. (Level 3)
Patients. (Level 3)
Results (Level 1)
Nurse Ability (Level 2)
Test one. (Level 3)
Nurses with experience. (Level 4)
Nurses in training. (Level 4)
Test two. (Level 3)
Patient Ability (Level 2)
When you using APA style, do not including a heading for the introduction section. Also, do not include letter or number to indicate the headings. Levels of headings used will as well depend on the organization and length of the paper you are writing.
However, always start with level one heading. Irrespective of the sections, always start with level one heading before you move to other levels.
APA as well permits seriation within the body text to assist writer to organize and present main ideas and arguments. When using numbered seriation, follow these steps:
Based on usability testing that has been done, APA style 6th Edition recommends as follows:
- The navigation bar should be placed on the left section of pages.
- Incorporate branded graphics (logos) in- text .
- Add a search box to each page .
- Create a site map.
- Create a three-tiered navigation method.
Recommended Reading: How to Cite References in APA Format
For lists that do not communicate hierarchical order or chronology, use bullets:
When using lists that are not communicating hierarchical chronology or order simply use bullets:
Generally, it has been found that participants easily understood user-centered, and they found it simple to apply. Below are sample responses from participants:
- “This version is very easy to use.”
- “Version two appears to be well organized.”
- “I only took less than 30 minutes to learn how to use this version, and I already feel like an expert.”
Writers may as well apply seriation for paragraphs that have too long.
Based on the research carried out by the usability team, the staff has complete the following:
- Creating an site map
- Incorporating graphics within the text on home page
- Search boxes in the pages excluding the orange resources
- Has move the navigation bar to the left part pages apart from those in the orange area (this is still pending)
- Has piloted the first stage of the three-stage navigation system (as demonstrated in the new Engagement section).
Writers may as well separate main points with bullets.