Reference List: Author/Authors

The rules underlined below are applies to all APA-style reference written by one or more authors as should be written the reference list, irrespective of the kind of work (article, journal, book  or electronic source)

One Author

Start with the last name of the author and include the author’s initials.

Olego, W. J. (2012). What makes a marriage to work?Current Directions in family issue, 19, 5-16.

Two Authors

Include their last names followed by their initials. The ampersand (&) is used and not “and.”

MacDonald, A. T., &Brown, G. E. (2014). Mood control among teenagers: The behavioral premise. Journal of Social Psychology, 7, 204-248.

Three to Seven Authors

Include their last names followed by their initials; commas are used to separate each author names, but an ampersandprecedes the last author name.

Kerry, M. T., Sharma, V. P., Moon, C. B., Singh, A., Holland, T., &Barry, J. U. (2013).How to build your self-esteem: The significance of believing in yourself. Journal of Social Psychology, 6, 295-304.

More Than Seven Authors

Include their last names followed by their initials; commas are used to separate each author names,when you reach the sixth author’s, use ellipses to represent the author name.  Follow this with the final name of the author. As such, the reference should not have over seven names.

Allington, R. L., McGill-Franzen, A., Camilli, G., Williams, L., Graff, J., Zeig, J., … Nowak, R (2010). Addressing Summer Reading Setback Among Economically Disadvantaged Elementary Students. Reading Psychology, 31(5), 411-427.

Organization as Author

American Sociological Association.(2010).

Anonymous Author

Understanding Madness, Mental Illness and Mental Health.(2010.). Mental Health Worldwide. doi:10.1057/9781137329608.0007

N/B: Supposing in your essay you put parenthetical citation of works that have no author name, use a shot version of the work’s title in the place of author’s name. Ensure that you use italics and quotation marks in an appropriate way.  For the source above, the way it should be cited is as follows: (Understanding Madness, 2010).

Two or more sources by the oneauthor

Include author’s name for any entry made and list these entries based on the year of publication (starting with the earliest).

Chudasama, Y. (2010).

Chudasama, Y. (2012).

Where the author has written a source alone and also with another author/s and appears as the first one, start with the works in which he/she is the sole author.

Lacour, M. (2011).The effects of poverty on academic achievement.Educational Research and Reviews, 6(7), 522-527.

Lacour, M.,&Tissington, L. D. (2010).The effects of poverty on academic achievementamong university students.Educational Research and Reviews, 6(7), 522-527.

Sources with the same first author but different second/third authors have to be arranged alphabetically based on the last name of the subsequent author/s. supposing the first and second authors are the same on both references, and thenthe third and subsequent author/s will be arranged alphabetically.

Padhi, A., Chudasama, Y., &Fineberg, N. A.(2010). Yale–Brown Obsessive–Compulsive Scale.Journal of Psychopharmacology, 9, 1157-1177.

Padhi, A., Brown, Y., &Wellberg, N. A.(2013). Attitude change implications for health care providers.Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2, 159-187.

Two or more sources by the one author published same year

Supposing you are referencing two or more works by one author/s written in the same year, arrange them alphabetically in the reference list based on their title or chapter. To differentiate them assign them letter suffixes after the year. Include these sources within the essay as arranged in the reference list. For example, “Lacour (2011a) underlines that…..”

Lacour, M. (2010a). Impacts of poverty on academic achievement.Educational Research and Reviews, 6(7), 522-527.

Lacour, M.(2010b). The effects of poverty on academic achievement among university students.Educational Research and Reviews, 6(7), 522-527.

Introductions, Forewords, Afterwords and Prefaces

When citing information about a source (for example a book) maintain the usual citation system,  but cite Introductions, Forewords, Afterwords and Prefaces (whatsoever the title used) in the same way a chapter of a book is cited.

Nguyen,T., &Sajous, A.F.(2014). Introduction.In R. M. Kerry (Ed.), Auxiliaries and English syntax (pp. 3-9). Needham, MA: Allyn and Bacon.